Also, its still my only fruiting tree, so that also makes it a valued tree. How does that fit in the sceme of things. Young fig trees require regular watering, but once established they become highly drought tolerant. Often if virus laden figs can be pushed hard enough, they “out-grow” the worst of the virus symptoms. I have Bornholm (aka Bornholm's Diamond, aka Nexoe) which is an European Brown Turkey. If we grow the EBT for breba, does it mean we remove all the figlets of the main crop as soon as they emerge? It becomes an edible fruit, 4 in. It has the reputation of being bland. Sure! The brebas are way better. The southern growers were familiar with the European (English) BT, though it probably wasn’t widely grown because of the mosaic problems. Good points! So, I’m going with similar – but different – varieties. It's a small fig. Most of the above are very much affected –they grow very poorly. Looks like it will be a pretty full crop. Vern's BT is its own thing - not really a 'Brown Turkey' in the sense that it isn't part of any of the established groups. Common Figs are self-fertile and there are many, many varieties varying in taste color and growth habit. The best varieties for Florida are Celeste, brown turkey, Green Ischia, and Jelly. When I see photos of Celeste the fruit is usually amber in color. A post from a European fig grower venting about a scam by a European nursery brought me to the realization that they were here – just under the radar. I have a "black celeste" cutting on order. I have been taking off figs that looked like they were close to ripening on other trees. Black mission figs are a deep blue-purple color on the outside with a pink flesh inside, are known for their sweetness, and often ooze a syrupy substance. Glad its good! Heavy producer: Large: Excellent tree ripened quality: Celeste: Brown to violet with pink pulp: One crop: Small pear-shaped with long stock: Widely grown in south. You may only view thumbnails in this gallery. Talk about confusion. an excerpt from an article by A.J. Instead, prune it back in winter so it stands about 8 feet tall. It seems to me that the confusion is increased by the habit of referring to these figs just as “Brown Turkey”. Although the wood of Brown Turkey is not as cold hardy as that of Celeste, after a severe freeze, suckers will usually develop from the roots to form a new plant. There are three types of Brown Turkey: California Brown Turkey, European (English) Brown Turkey, and Eastern (Southern) Brown Turkey. Here they are clockwise from upper left: California Brown Turkey, European (English) Brown Turkey, and Eastern (Southern) Brown Turkey, As you can see they are very different. Celeste is almost as widely grown as Brown Turkey. This didn’t work very well with most of these varieties. On the other hand, no one who has seen California Brown Turkey and Celeste together would ever confuse them with each other. Move the pots indoors with the on-set of cold weather to a cool, sheltered place. I have this fig to. I predict you are in zone 6 or above as you overwinter inside. Here on the forum I read Brown Turkey is one of the worst tasting figs and RdB is much better tasting. This article will help with identifying sour figs and managing fig sour rot. We are in New England and have a very short season. A European nursery had protected a variety called Bayernfeige Violetta. Brown Turkey and Celeste are both premier "gateway figs" in that they are responsible for a lot of people being involved with figs. I do not taste so mutch difference. EBT – Eastern BT or European BT? 1. But those southern growers knew their stuff and I trust that Bullard was seeing what he described. Celeste or Malta fig trees typically keep their root systems more or less contained, larger trees such as the brown turkey fig trees have more of a tendency to dominate a space. But it certainly does with the breba crop. Just like another type. Reminds me of being at a potluck (remember those days?) Are these trees indoors or protected? Hardy Chicago is by far the most reliable variety for zone 5 areas. Sight Go by the color. The three most common cold hardy fig varieties are Chicago, Celeste and English Brown Turkey. Hardy Chicago figs are rather small but very sweet, and the harvest is usually large. It has a number of nicknames, a common one is "honey fig". Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! But familiarity with this variety seemed to fade as the “old timers” who “knew their stuff” like Paul Starnes passed. The second best time is now.”. We grow figs. Overwintering figs will grow easier as the trees age and develop more cold tolerance. My (English) Brown Turkey from Netherlands. When Does a Fig Tree Bear Fruit?. And you’re right – you pretty much can’t tell Celeste and Southern Brown Turkey apart. After the last frost in spring, uncover the fig. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, National Arboretum: USDA Plant Hardiness Zones. Fig souring, or fig sour rot, is a nasty business that can render all the fruits on a fig tree inedible. I had a EBT under growing light until yesterday, I think it was already to far ahead towards dormancy to ripen its main crop. Even when an identifier is added – as in Hanc’s EBT – it can still be confusing. One of the first signs your figs are becoming ripe is their change in color. I find the taste pleasant and sweet. These are okay. It’s important to select a variety adapted to your climate, such as Brown Turkey, Chicago, or Celeste for colder areas. There has been some recent comments on the forums about the differences between Celeste and the Southern (or Southeastern) Brown Turkey. The underside of the fruit has a very small, tightly closed hole or “eye” which prevents fruit rot from bugs and moisture entering the fruit. English Brown Turkey Fig English Brown Turkey routinely handles cold winter temperature extremes and continues to fruit during the growing season. It’s really odd, but the camera “sees” the difference when the naked eye does not. discussion from the Chowhound Gardening, Turkey food community. I wonder if the name "Eastern BT" simply arose because someone couldn't remember what EBT stood for? BEST ANSWER: Steve, a fig novice here (Brown Turkey, Celeste, Chicago Hardy). She has more than 15 years of experience in the nursery industry and landscaping, and three years of horticulture at South Puget Sound Community College. I have always left them on, hoping they might ripen, and then taken them off during dormancy. What makes this strange is that European BTs are probably the most commonly grown fig in northern Europe – it’s everywhere. It’s a big fig. Celeste (Blue Celeste, Celestial, and Little Brown Sugar) cultivar is probably the second most common fig in the southeastern United States, after Brown Turkey (Brunswick, Eastern Brown Turkey, Harrison, Lees Perpetual, Ramsey, Texas Everbearing). The source I got them from probably had them since around 1960. If spring temperatures have been unseasonably warm, leaves may already be sprouting. A few fig varieties, however, are adaptable for cold climates and extremes and will produce fruit on new wood. Medium-large, bell shaped, brownish-purplish skin, strawberry flesh. Noted for its cold-hardiness, Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey' (Fig) is a large deciduous shrub or small tree with a spreading crown clothed in bold, deeply lobed leaves. We know Celeste has the closed eye and brown turkey has opened eye. Young, immature and unripe figs tend to be small and green in hue. New growth may need some time to get started. A couple of weeks back etowah posted an inquiry about red eye in Brown Turkey figs, and there were no clear answers. Starts ripening in late July. I had to keep it from ripening main crop figs and force vigorous growth and prune for brebas. Mutch Dutch people like them. Celeste trees were undamaged by freezes that leveled Southern Brown Turkey trees to the roots. It's its own thing - a very reliable light brown sugar fig here in the PNW. The poster was upset that they'd been able to restrict it as it was “just Brown Turkey”. Celeste is a fast growing fig with a shrub like form, reaching 10 to 15 feet tall. Figs can be left in the ground unprotected, but a particularly vicious cold snap may kill young trees. My cali bts vary as i had some early but most are slow & hesitant to ripen here, WNC zone 7a at the intersection of Mt Pisgah & the Blue Ridge Parkway. All times are GMT-5. Yes you must be right its def a factor i hadnt considered. "Fruit and Nuts: A Comprehensive Guide to the Cultivation, Uses, and Health Benefits of Over 300 Plants"; Susanna Lyle; 2006, "Vegetables, Herbs and Fruit: An Illustrated Enclyclopedia"; Matthew Biggs; 2009. What began as a lifelong gardening fixation turned into a career for Jean Lien. Hopefully I'll be able to compare the three categories next summer. Celeste is a small fig but is the sweetest of the fig family. Was just insinuating the SBT are a great jam fig since they produce most their smaller sugarbomb fruit over a shorter period. Hardy Chicago figs are rather small but very sweet, and the harvest is usually large. Growing: Brown Turkey, Ronde de Bordeaux, Hardy Chicago, Dottato, Michurinska-10. That didn’t make sense with the main crop figs. Alice: St. Louis, MO zone 6b, new at figs. This page was generated at 07:36 AM. Hardy Chicago will grow slowly at first. Condit mentioned Mosaic Virus on the plants he brought to California. I got a few brebas, then a few main crop figs at the end of the season. Even Condit confused Eastern (Southern) BT with the European BT in his Fig Varieties: A Monograph (, It should be emphasized also that the name “Brown Turkey” has been commonly used for. Good question. Hardy Chicago ripens its figs from August until fall frost and will have some fruit in July. If it tastes good to you, it doesn’t matter what anyone else says about it. If all you have are brown turkeys and you want dessert, drizzle them with honey and run them under the broiler for a moment until the sizzle and bubble, or use them to make fig bread . It ripened its main a little later than "usual" when I left all the breba on. But it was plain from winter pictures of LaRadek grown in Czechoslovakia. About how easy it is to confuse the two figs. For varieties like Brown Turkey, Chicago Hardy, Celeste, and LSU Purple, the color will change from green to brown or purple as the fruit ripens. and there’s some fresh pineapple and several people are saying how good it is when it’s pretty darned bland and I’m thinking obviously they have never had a ripe pineapple before. As for the rest – I have to agree that I don’t see a lot of it. The Celeste Fig (Ficus Carica ‘Celestial’), also known in the south as the “sugar fig” is a cold hardy variety recommended for zones 7-11.A smaller tree, reaching a mature height and width of 5-10 feet, it’s great for small yards or can be potted. I’d tried for years to find a source for European (English) Brown Turkey without any luck. After the last frost in spring, uncover the fig. Fig trees (Ficus carica) grow well in areas that provide the eight hours of daily sun and moderate winters. Left Eastern (Southern) Brown Turkey, Right Celeste. 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Question is directed at me - they are in zone 5 areas is directed me!
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